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Common Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

Dr. Nidhi Sikka and Dr. Mona Chattha of Sikka Dental provide comprehensive senior dental care in San Jose, CA.

Sensitive teeth can cause pain and interrupt your day, and the cause usually relates to your oral health and hygiene but is also linked to your age. If you have sensitive teeth, keep reading and come see us for senior care dentistry in San Jose, CA.

When your teeth become sensitive to hot and cold temperatures, it means that the protective layer of enamel has been compromised, or the tooth's root is becoming exposed. These things can happen for several reasons, including:

  • Tooth decay is the most common reason for a sensitive tooth. Plaque eats away at the enamel layer, causing decay and sensitivity. If you only have a small cavity the tooth can be saved with a small filling, so call your dentist at the first sign of trouble.
  • Gum disease also causes sensitivity, but if you remove plaque with regular brushing and flossing it can't build up and irritate your gums.
  • Trauma like a chip or crack could expose the tooth's pulp or nerves and cause pain and sensitivity
  • Overzealous brushing can wear at your enamel and damage your gums, causing sensitivity.
  • If you grind your teeth at night it can cause tooth sensitivity and jaw pain
  • Teeth whitening products can cause sensitivity if used improperly or too often. Make sure you follow instructions on all whitening products and consider professional teeth whitening treatment if you are unhappy with the shade of your smile.
  • As you get older the outer layer of your tooth, called the enamel, gets worn down exposing the more sensitive layers underneath.

Don't hesitate to call your dentist as soon as you notice sensitivity. We can provide fillings and crowns to salvage teeth, or replace teeth when necessary. To prevent tooth sensitivity, you should keep up a great oral hygiene routine at home and see your senior care dentist in San Jose, CA, twice a year for professional cleanings. To make an appointment with Dr. Sikka and Dr. Chattha of Sikka Dental, call (408) 259-1280.

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